Thanks to the top-quality wines produced in the local vineyards, Bordeaux is a city whose name, after Paris, is more recognizable than that of any other French city. The great port city – a popular stopover for cruise liners – can trace its origins as a capital city back almost 2000 years. In the year 70 AD, Bordeaux replaced Saintes as capital of the Roman province of Gallia Aquitania. Apart from some periods of conflict following the breakup of Roman Gaul, Bordeaux has remained the biggest city, and for most of its history, a capital city. firstly it was the independent Duchy of Aquitaine, then for three centuries Aquitaine was a possession of the Kings of England. Since the end of the Hundred Years’ War, it has been part of France. The streets are lined with charming architecture; there’s incredible shopping and of course, more than enough wine to taste! We highly recommend adding Bordeaux to your itinerary.